Giant’s Causeway – All You Need to know About this World Heritage Site

Located in County Antrim on the Northeast coast of Northern Ireland, Giant’s Causeway is a declared World Heritage Site which consists of about 40000 interlocking basalt columns. This area has basalt columns that have been resulted due to an ancient volcanic eruption. Often, this place is referred to as the fourth greatest natural wonder in UK and is owned and managed by National Trust.

giant's causeway

The following is some more information about Giant’s Causeway:

  • The columns made of Basalt which form Giant’s Causeway are like the stepping stones which disappear under the sea after leading from the cliff foot. These columns are mostly hexagonal but some also have four, five, seven or eight sides as well.
  • Giant’s Causeway area is a haven for seabirds includes shag, fulmar, redshank, petrel etc. and there are also many unusual plants such as the sea fesgue, frog orchid, hare’s foot trefoil and sea spleenwort.
  • It is known that about 60 million years ago, Antrim experienced intense volcanic activity extensive lava plateau was formed as a result of the intrusion of the highly fluid molten basalt through the beds of chalk. When the lava got cooled down with passing time, contraction occurred and the phenomenon that occurred resembled the drying of mud.  As a result of this, the bottom face became convex whereas the upper face seemed to be concave.  This resulted in the formation of ball and socket joints.
  • Besides being a World Heritage site, Giant’s Causeway is also declared to be national nature reserve by the Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland.
  • Giant’s Causeway is undoubtedly one of the most popular tourist attractions in Northern Ireland.
  • Legend has it that the remains of the causeway were built by a giant. This legend was later challenged but a lot of people living in the area still believe in it.  Some also think that the causeway was not built by a giant but by someone with supernatural abilities.
  • The site became popular among tourists in the nineteenth century after the opening of the Giant’s Causeway Tramway. Now, visitors are allowed to move over the basalt columns which are located at the edge of the sea which is about a half mile walk from the entranceof the site.
  • There is a visitor center at Giant’s Causeway which was recently built and continues to attract visitors and tourists from around the world.

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